Learning and professionalization contract: what differences?

Verified 07 September 2023 - Legal and Administrative Information Directorate (Prime Minister)

There are differences between the apprenticeship contract and the the professionalization contract in particular the duration of the contract, the age and the remuneration of the beneficiary.

We present the main differences between these two contracts.

Tableau - Differences between apprenticeship contract and professionalization contract

Apprenticeship contract

Professionalization contract


Initial training

(diploma or professional qualification)

Continuing education

(professional qualification)

Contract Type

  • Limited Term Contract (CDL)
  • Contract of indefinite duration (CDI)
  • Fixed term contract (fixed term contract)
  • Contract of indefinite duration (CDI)

Duration of contract

Where the contract is of limited duration, its duration shall be Minimum 6 months to a maximum of 3 years.

The maximum duration of the contract may be increased to 4 years where the apprentice is a handicapped worker.

The duration of the contract shall be specified in an agreement annexed to the contract.

If it is a CDD, the minimum duration is between 6 and 12 months.

It may be extended to 36 months in certain situations.

Age requirements

  • From 16 to 29 years past (30 years minus 1 day)
  • Young 15 years old (if age is reached between the start of the school year and 31 December of thecalendar year). The young person must have completed his year of 3e.
  • The age maximum may be raised to Up to 35 years (36 years minus 1 day) in the following cases:

  • The apprentice sign a new contract to attain a higher level of diploma than that already obtained
  • The previous contract has been broken for reasons beyond his control, or for physical incapacity.
  • Then it must not flow more than 1 year between the 2 contracts.

    There's no pitch age limit if the apprentice is in one of the following situations:

  • He's recognized handicapped worker
  • It plans to set up or take over a company involving the completion of a diploma
  • He is a high-level athlete or does not obtain the relevant diploma or professional title (maximum extension of 1 year).
  • From 16 to 25 years completed (26 years minus one day) to complete initial training
  • From 26 years and older for jobseekers
  • No age requirement for beneficiaries of the RSA: titleContent, of theSSA: titleContent or theAAH: titleContent and for persons leaving a single insertion contract (CUI)


At a minimum 25% of the total duration of the contract

150 hours minimum and between 15% and 25% of the total duration of the contract


Enter 27% and 100% of the Smic: titleContent depending on age and level of education, or the conventional minimum wage if more favorable

Enter 55% and 100% of the Smic: titleContent according to age and level of education, or 85% the minimum remuneration provided for by the collective agreement or the company branch agreement if more favorable

Aid for alternators

  • Adult apprentices can benefit from a State aid to finance their driving license B
  • Youth Mobility Aid is a conditional housing assistance for young people under the age of 30

Youth Mobility Aid is a conditional housing assistance for young people under the age of 30

Hiring aids

It exists several aids

It exists several aids

You can use a simulator which makes it possible compare the annual wage cost of an alternate on the basis of either of these contracts:

Calculate the annual salary cost of an alternant and the aids (apprenticeship or professionalization contract)

Development of cross-border learning

Published on 7 September 2023

An apprentice can now complete part of his or her practical or theoretical training in a country bordering France.

That's what the law no. 2022-217 of 21 february 2022.

Ordinance No. 2022-1067 of 22 December 2022 lays down the arrangements for organizing, implementing and financing cross-border learning.

Future decrees must determine the conditions of application of this ordinance.

The information contained on this page remains current and will be amended as soon as the text enters into force.

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