Demolition permit

Verified 24 May 2024 - Directorate for Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister)

Are you going to demolish a building or part of it? Before it is demolished, you must check in the town hall if it is located in an area where the demolition permit is mandatory. If the demolition is followed by a construction or development, the application may be made with the building or development permit. Here's how we'll do it.

Step-by-step approach

A demolition permit is required before the partial or total demolition of a building located in one of the following areas:

  • Municipality in which the municipal council introduced the permit
  • Perimeter of a remarkable heritage site listed, near historic monuments or listed as historic monuments
  • Scope of a real estate restoration operation
  • Registered Site or site classified or pending classification

To find out if your demolition project is subject to a permit, you must inquire with the city planning department of your town hall.

Who shall I contact

The permit application is sent to the City Hall by one of the natural or moral following:

  • Owner(s) of the land(s), their representative or one or more persons attesting to their authorization to carry out the work
  • Co-partner(s) or their agent, if undivided
  • Territorial community benefiting from expropriation for reasons of public interest

The steps are different for a demolition whether or not followed by reconstruction.

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Demolition without reconstruction or development

The approach varies depending on whether you are in the provinces or in Paris.

General case

You must complete your file by dematerialized channel according to the arrangements made by your municipality or on a paper form. Inquire on the website of the city hall or on site.

Who shall I contact
On the Internet

You can complete your demolition permit application on the internet:

Support for your city planning authorization request

Form

Your demolition permit application is to be made using a form:

Demolition Permit Application

If more than one person applies for a joint authorization for the same project, they must fill in a supplementary form:

Supplementary file/other applicants for the same project

In all demolition permit application files, you must provide the following documents:

  • Situation plan the land within the municipality which specifies its scale and orientation in relation to the north
  • Ground plane of the buildings, listed in the 3 dimensions which specifies its scale and the orientation of the land with respect to the north
  • Photo building to be demolished

Other parts are required for the demolition of the following buildings:

  • Registered building
  • Building located on the edge of a historic monument or in remarkable heritage site
  • Building located in the heart of a national park
  • Building on a Natura 2000 site 

In the permit application form, a attachment slip lists all documents that the administration may ask you for depending on the situation of the building.

You send your file to the city hall, by hand, by mail RAR: titleContent, or by email.

Who shall I contact

If you file your application by paper, it must be established in 4 copies.

In Paris

You must submit your file to the BASU: titleContent by dematerialized means only:

Office Accueil et Service à l'Usager (BASU) de Paris: one-stop-shop

Demolition with reconstruction or alteration

When a construction or development project depends on the demolition of a building, the application form for building permit or to arrange also allows you to request permission to demolish. You only have 1 file to complete.

The approach varies depending on whether you are in the provinces or in Paris.

General case

You must complete your file by dematerialized channel according to the arrangements made by your municipality or on a paper form. Inquire on the website of the city hall or on site.

Who shall I contact
On the Internet

You can complete your demolition permit application on the internet:

Support for your city planning authorization request

Forms

Depending on your project, you apply for a building permit or a development permit.

Construction of a detached house

Your request is to be made using a form:

Application for a building permit for a detached house and/or its annexes (CMIP)

If more than one person applies for a joint authorization for the same project, they must fill in a supplementary form:

Supplementary file/other applicants for the same project

You send your file to the city hall, by hand, by mail RAR: titleContent, or by email.

Who shall I contact

If you file your application by hand or by mail RAR: titleContent, it shall be established in 4 copies.

Other constructions

Your request is to be made using a form:

Application for a building permit (other than for a detached house or its annexes)

If more than one person applies for a joint authorization for the same project, they must fill in a supplementary form:

Supplementary file/other applicants for the same project

You send your file to the city hall, by hand, by mail RAR: titleContent, or by email.

Who shall I contact

If you file your application by hand or by mail RAR: titleContent, it shall be established in 4 copies.

Facilities (subdivision, camping...)

Your request is to be made using a form:

Application for a development permit

If more than one person applies for a joint authorization for the same project, they must fill in a supplementary form:

Supplementary file/other applicants for the same project

You send your file to the city hall, by hand, by mail RAR: titleContent, or by email.

Who shall I contact

If you file your application by hand or by mail RAR: titleContent, it shall be established in 4 copies.

In Paris

You must submit your file to the BASU: titleContent by dematerialized means only:

Office Accueil et Service à l'Usager (BASU) de Paris: one-stop-shop

General case

Demolition permit

The time limit for processing your request is 2 months.

The city hall has 1 month to claim the missing pieces from your file. You then have 3 months to complete it. If you do not provide the missing documents, your application will be considered rejected.

The period of investigation begins from the receipt in the town hall of the complete permit file.

Building permit for a detached house with demolition

The time limit for processing your request is 2 months.

The city hall has 1 month to claim the missing pieces from your file. You then have 3 months to complete it. If you do not provide the missing documents, your application will be considered rejected.

The period of investigation begins from the receipt in the town hall of the complete permit file.

Demolition planning permit

The time limit for processing your request is 3 months.

The city hall has 1 month to claim the missing pieces from your file. You then have 3 months to complete it. If you do not provide the missing documents, your application will be considered rejected.

The period of investigation begins from the receipt in the town hall of the complete permit file.

In protected area

Demolition permit

The time limit for processing your request is 3 months.

The city hall has 1 month to claim the missing pieces from your file. You then have 3 months to complete it. If you do not provide the missing documents, your application will be considered rejected.

The period of investigation begins from the receipt in the town hall of the complete permit file.

Building permit for a detached house with demolition

The time limit for processing your request is 3 months.

The city hall has 1 month to claim the missing pieces from your file. You then have 3 months to complete it. If you do not provide the missing documents, your application will be considered rejected.

The period of investigation begins from the receipt in the town hall of the complete permit file.

Demolition planning permit

The time limit for processing your request is 4 months.

The city hall has 1 month to claim the missing pieces from your file. You then have 3 months to complete it. If you do not provide the missing documents, your application will be considered rejected.

The period of investigation begins from the receipt in the town hall of the complete permit file.

The mayor may accept or refuse your permit application. It can also suspend its decision (we speak of stay of proceedings).

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Acceptance

The city council's decision takes the form ofone by-law signed by the mayor. This decision is addressed to you by letter RAR: titleContent or by email.

If your work may compromise the protection or presentation of built heritage, neighborhoods, monuments and sites, the demolition permit is granted with specific rules to be respected. The city hall has to justify its decision.

Warning  

Within 3 months of the date of its decision, the City Hall may withdraw a permit if it considers that it has been issued illegally.

Refusal

The refusal of demolition permits takes the form of a by-law justifying the decision. It shall also indicate the remedies and time limits for appeal. This decision is addressed to you by post RAR: titleContent or by email.

Within 2 months of the refusal, you can, by explaining the reasons for your request, make a ex gratia appeal to the city hall against the decision.

This appeal shall be drawn up on free paper and shall be sent by letter RAR: titleContent.

Who shall I contact

The administration has 2 months to respond. If you do not receive an answer, your appeal is dismissed. When this 2-month period is over and the answer is not suitable for you, you have again 2 months to make a contentious appeal before the administrative court.

You can also apply directly to the administrative judge within 2 months of the refusal of the permit.

Who shall I contact

Failure to respond by the end of the period of investigation announced

If you don't get a response from the city hall after the deadline for the investigation, it means that they don't oppose your project. You benefit from a implied permit demolition. You can start the work 15 days later.

In practice, it is in your interest to ask the City Hall for a certificate attesting to its lack of opposition. It must deliver it to you on request, preferably by letter RAR: titleContent.

This allows you to have proof of the reality of the tacit decision.

Who shall I contact

Warning  

You cannot obtain a tacit permit in certain situations (unfavorable opinion of the architect of the buildings of France, construction located in a national park...).

Stay of proceedings

By taking a reasoned decision of stay of proceedings, the mayor may suspend its decision for Up to 2 years. The duration must be specified in the decision.

Your permit is neither accepted nor refused. It will be reviewed later.

The reasons for the decision and the remedies and time limits for appeal are specified in the order.

Within 2 months of the end of the period of validity of the stay of proceedings, you must confirm your application for a demolition permit. Within 2 months of your request, you will receive the mayor's decision. If you do not receive it within this period, your permit is considered granted.

When the mayor refuses your project or issues a stay order, you can challenge it.

In the 2 months that follow the date of notification of the decision, you can make a ex gratia appeal   by letter RAR: titleContent by the town hall.

Who shall I contact

If the city hall doesn't answer you, it means your gracious appeal is denied.

If your grace attempt fails, you have a new grace period of 2 months to appeal to the administrative tribunal. You must clearly set out the reasons that justify your right to obtain the requested city planning authorization.

You must enter, by letter RAR: titleContent, the administrative court within whose jurisdiction your municipality is located.

Who shall I contact

The demolition permit shall be valid for Three years.

The authorization expires if you have not started the work within 3 years or if, after this period, you interrupt it for more than 1 year.

The period of validity of the permit can be extended twice for 1 year. You must apply at least 2 months before the end of the validity of the license. This request for an extension must be made in 2 copies by letter RAR: titleContent or dropped off in town hall.

The extension is granted if the City Hall does not send you a decision within 2 months of receiving your request.

Who shall I contact

The display of the tacit authorization or permit on the ground is mandatory. You must display this view on notification of the permit order or as soon as the time limit for the investigation of your file is completed (tacit permit).

Display must remain in place for the duration of the work and be visible from the outside.

You must use a rectangular panel with dimensions greater than 80 cm. The information on your billboard must be readable from public roads or spaces open to the public.

The display must show the possibility for third parties to exercise appeal and notify the licensee within 15 days of their appeal.

Please note

An extract of the permit is displayed in the town hall within 8 days of the issuance of the permit, for 2 months.

Before starting your demolition work, you must drop off a declaration of commencement of works (DOC).

The approach varies depending on whether you are in the provinces or in Paris.

General case

You must file your DOC in town hall:

  • By dematerialized according to the arrangements made by your municipality (inquire on the site of the town hall or on the spot)
  • By letter RAR: titleContent
  • In your own hand
Who shall I contact

On the Internet

You can file your DOC via the Internet:

Support for your city planning authorization request

Form

You can fill out your RFSO using a form:

Declaration of the opening of the construction site

In Paris

You must file your DOC atBASU: titleContent by dematerialized means.

Office Accueil et Service à l'Usager (BASU) de Paris: one-stop-shop

You've obtained a building permit or a development permit that is accompanied by demolition. When all your work is finished, you must make, in town hall, a Declaration of Completion and Conformity of Your Work (DAACT).

The approach varies depending on whether you are in the provinces or in Paris.

General case

You must deposit your DAACT in town hall:

  • By dematerialized according to the arrangements made by your municipality (inquire on the site of the town hall or on the spot)
  • By letter RAR: titleContent
  • In your own hand
Who shall I contact

On the Internet

You can file your DOC via the Internet:

Support for your city planning authorization request

Form

You can complete your ACAT on the following form:

Declaration of completion and conformity of works

In Paris

You must file your DOC atBASU: titleContent by dematerialized means.

Office Accueil et Service à l'Usager (BASU) de Paris: one-stop-shop

Please note

If you've obtained a demolition permit, you don't have to do a DAACT.

Your project may have an impact on local taxes. For further information, please contact the Departmental Property Tax Center:

Who shall I contact

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